Dispositif militaire d‘insertion socioprofessionnelle pour les jeunes des Outre-mer éloignés de l‘emploi

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Ils parlent du SMA

Le SMA : un enjeu d'avenirs (mars-avril 2015)

2015-04-cdt-enjeuavenirLa transmission des savoirs : agir sur tous les fronts

Reportage réalisé au sein du régiment de La Réunion ( RSMA-R), mars-avril 2015 © Virginie de Galzain/tous droits réservés.
"Depuis plus de 50 ans, le Service militaire adapté (SMA) s’engage au sein d’une mission fondamentale : l’accompagnement et la formation, au sein de 7 régiments, des jeunes d’Outre-Mer en vue d’une insertion professionnelle et sociale civile. Des jeunes de valeur, parfois en grandes difficultés personnelles et scolaires, « volontaires » dans tous les sens du terme pour se faire aider et prendre leur avenir en main." Lire la suite...

 The Adapted military service


Training and employment : one of French overseas' answers to social issues


Created in 1961 and composed of seven overseas units (one in each of the 5 DOM-TOM, one in French Polynesia, one in New-Caledonia) and a welcoming pole in Périgueux, the SMA, since the abolition of the French military service, provides help for the young ultramarines who face difficulties in building their future.

les-militaires-attaquent-sargasses-2-580x387Training them through a military discipline, the SMA helps young people (under a volunteer contract) to acquire social and professional skills that would allow them, when finishing their training, to become an effective workforce or to follow an other educational programme.

The SMA also welcomes « technical volunteers » who already have a professional experience, to held supply or monitoring positions among the SMA. In 2015, the SMA gathered 5764 volunteers of whom 4600 can be categorized as "drop-outs". But for SMA, they are considered as "returners".

A branch of the Ministry of Overseas and ruled by the 138th programme called "overseas employment", the SMA’s achievements depends on its capacity to insert the volunteers it enrolled. The insertion rate in 2015 was above 76%.


How does the "SMA" work ?

This percentage is to be measured in regards of the 38,7% illiterate candidates (level 1 and 2 according to National standards) and 63,1% of the young people who left education without graduating.

In fact, providing training for more than 50 jobs through 8 different professionnal fields, the SMA delivers at the end of the internship a Certificate of Professionnal Fitness (CAPI), an official document from the Ministry of Overseas attesting to the successful knowledge in 4 areas:

  • Certificate of Citizenship Education
  • Certificate of Professional Proficiency (recognized by the Ministry of Employment and delivered for a minimum of 800 hours of professional training)
  • General Certificate (given by the Ministry of Education Nationale)
  • First Aid Certificate.

The Young people are also supposed to leave the SMA Programme with their Driving License.



Realistic goals and perspectives

On request of the President of the French Republic in 2009, the SMA will double the number of internships it offers. This target can realistically be expected in the course of 2017.

After a six years strenghtening investments policy, the 2015 budget of SMA was around 74  Millions Euros, excluding payroll costs.

While no new schemes will be created, some local partnerships are now effective to welcome Young people from Saint-Martin's Island in the SMA Guadeloupe center and ones from Wallis and Futuna could follow training in the French Polynesia et New Caledonia centers.

Lastly, the SMA takes pride in providing its forces to States representatives, under the guise of the COMSUP, to manage crisis situations : fire and flood prevention, health assistance, aid to people,...

But at the end of it all, what makes the SMA the proudest is in its baseline : "our victory : their success "